About the Author: Major Raymond P. Ambrozak was born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania in 1935. He entered the Army in 1957 after finishing Industrial Engineering courses at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland. Commissioned as a 2LT Infantry officer after completing Officer Candidate School at Fort Benning, Georgia in 1959, his first assign-ment was to the 1st Leaflet and Loudspeaker (L&L) Company at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
MAJ Ambrozak’s career included over ten years in PSYOP at the unit and theater levels long before either the branch or Regiment were formed. He planned and executed operations which involved extensive interface with foreign counterparts and every U. S. governmental agency operating overseas.
In 1961 he deployed to Laos as part of US Special Forces mis-sion known as OPERATION WHITE STAR, training Royal Lao forces combating the Communist Pathet Lao. He was directly responsible for completion of a radio station dedicated to the King of Laos — airing the country’s first nationwide broadcast of a live event and designing and implementing a retraining pro-gram for Pathet Lao P.O.W.’s.
MAJ Ambrozak was assigned to the US Army Broadcasting and Visual Activity, Pacific (USABVAPAC), the forerunner of today’s 7th Psychological Operations Group (POG) from 1962 to 1965, serving as commander of a mobile radio company and the PSYOP Staff Officer to a Joint Unconventional WarfareTask Force. He trained and assisted Republic of China (ROC) mil-itary personnel in Taiwan who engaged in PSYOP directed at the Communist People’s Republic of China (PRC).
In 1964 he deployed to Vietnam as part of a PSYOP Detachment assigned to MACVSOG where he played a key role in establishing and putting on the air the Voice of Freedom radio station broad-casting to North Vietnam. He was managing station operations when the Gulf of Tonkin incident occurred.
In Vietnam, late 1965, shortly after assuming duties as S-3 6th PSYOP BN, the battalion headquarters housed in a downtown the-ater was hit by a bomb blast totally destroying the building and caus-ing 11 wounded. Working through the turmoil of two re-locations and maintaining daily operations, MAJ Ambrozak was also directly involved with the activation of the 4th Psychological Operations Group (POG) in Dec. 1967.
From 1967 to 1970 he served as a PSYOP Instructor at Fort Bragg’s Special Warfare School teaching PSYOP in every officer and enlisted course. He oversaw development and operation of the first PSYOP unit officer course and a course for PSYOP staff officers. He represented the Special Warfare Center as a guest speaker at the Marine Corps Staff College and the International Police Academy.
On March 15-16, 1971, as Direct Senior Advisor, Phu Nhon District, Pleiku Province, Republic of Vietnam, MAJ Ambrozak distin-guished himself by gallantry in action. The Headquarters came under sustained heavy mortar and rocket fire, combined with a ground attack by a North Vietnamese Battalion. When a satchel charge ignited a soaring fire that threatened to destroy the opera-tion center he ordered an evacuation while enduring unbearable heat, to direct the defense. He later led a counterattack, assault-ing successive bunkers, to eject the enemy forces which had pen-etrated the compound. He continued coordinating defense of the compound with relief forces for five days before they were able to break through the enemy cordon. For this action, MAJ Ambrozak was awarded the Silver Star for heroism.
Professionals like MAJ Ambrozak helped ensure that PSYOP became a core element of today’s US Army Special Operations. MAJ Ambrozak retired from the Army in 1978 and worked in Department of the Army civilian assignments at Fort Hood, Texas for 11 years.